In 2005 my wife and I were driving to the Texas coast to help with cleanup efforts after Hurricane Rita. We were traveling in a motorhome that was new to us. As I drove, I had difficulty reading the gauges on the dashboard. I asked my wife, “Can you read these gauges?” Later, when she was driving, she said, “No. I can’t read them either.” I replied, “I’ll fix them when we get home.”

That was the rather innocent start to a sixteen-year journey that led to two research studies and three United States patents. I have fixed the difficulty we had reading the gauges in that motorhome. And I have also developed a solution for the difficulty operators have when reading any visual information display, in vehicles, and any other dynamic environment, no matter how complex that environment might be.

We are now preparing to release details of a vehicle interface that can be read “in a single glance.” This website presents a brief look at the science behind our design. When the details are released to the public you will see them here. In the meantime, I hope you enjoy what you see.


Several years ago I machined a polycarbonate lens for a friend's project. He lives several hundred miles away and was eager to see an image of the lens. As a bit of a joke, I photographed the lens as a "Machinist's Still Life."

The image is an excellent example to use when describing how humans scan "pictures" and "arrays" differently. As you look at the image, you may notice that your eyes "trace" the outlines of the major figures, and, often, return to look at the shadows of the red rag. We just can't help ourselves. That's how we look at "pictures." This is one of those Human Factors things.